How to Make a Groove in Wood with Hand Tools – 2021

How to Make a Groove in Wood with Hand Tools

Making grooves or channels is an important step in woodworking. If you want to join wood or engrave designs. Woodworking is all about the best form of cutting wood. How fairly your design is the main issue. There are many processes for making grooves in wood without a router and with a router. It depends on what type of grooves you are cutting.

There are many different hand tools and as well as power tools are available to cut grooves in the wood. But here we talk about hand tools (you mean un-powered) to use.


Now we are going to tell you how to make a groove in the wood without a router

It relies on what type of grooves you select to cut. There are many different tools that cut grooves.

Normally they are going to decorate our things. It is used for making chairs, shelves, locks, etc. Making grooves in wood is not too much difficult. You can easily handle it after knowing the process.


If you decide to make a groove in a piece of wood, a plunge router is the easiest tool to use for making straight and curved grooves. Using a rotary tool also works for cutting short grooves. But it is quite difficult to make long, straight lines with this. No matter what you use for cutting groove by which tool, be ensure to wear safety glasses and gloves to protect yourself.


Today woodworking is managed with power tools. But 100 years later that didn’t happen the same. At that time, there were no electric power tools to use. While the sawmill goes all the way back to 1594, sawmills were few and far comparatively. There was no chance that someone would capable to buy on their own. At that time handheld electric drill was the most common and ultramodern electric power tool there, invented in the late 1800s which was used only for factories.


Today, we have a huge amount of multitasks power tools, which allows us to do a vain woodworking field. Now the problem is we can not afford all tools for our budget minimization issue. So we need to manage how we buy best-categorized tools according to our minimum budget and finding ways of making do for everything else.


This is why it is important to know substitute ways of doing things. Those substitute ways might engage using other types of power tools to fulfill the task or they might be the processes that our ancestors used, working with hand tools, rather than power tools. Either way, they are worth having in our tricky bag.


You know about more article Top 24 best hand tools in 2021 | Reviews And Buying Guide


The Rapid Cutting Router

For this article, we’re going to condense on substitutes for figuring which is normally done with a router. Routers are high-speed power tools, in which a motor turns a sting, which sticks down through a base at 90 degrees. The height of the sting can be synthesized, according to the base, connecting exactly where on the workpiece the sting is cutting. A variety of string figures is obtainable.


Routers can be handheld, with the base which is placed on the workpiece or they can be seated upside-down in a router table, preferring the workpiece to be run across the router bit. Generally speaking, the router is used without the table for larger workpieces and seated upon a table for smaller ones. Some woodworkers have two routers, preferring them to leave one tested upon their router table.


A router is a common hand tool that needs to have, is used for cutting grooves (properly called notching), cutting slots in boards, such as for hanging them, trimming the border of laminate, and cutting various types of tongue and groove joints for joining the pieces together. They are also used for rounding or chamfering the border of tabletops, as well as cutting molding borders directly into those borders.


Alternative Ways to Cut Grooves (Notching)

Notching means to cut a groove in aboard. This groove might be in the corner of the board, which is a useful way of connecting boards at edges or it might be in the middle, such as for a drawer slide. On the other hand, the most common tool for cutting these grooves is the router. But what do you do if you don’t have a router available to cut a groove in your workboard?

Regardless of which method you’re going to use to cut the notch, you’re always going to want to start by marking exactly where you would like to make a groove. The prime rule of “measure twice, cut once” applies just as well here, as it does anywhere else. Be sure to use a straight-corner when marking to cut a straight line, not just an advantageous board. It’s surprising how many boards come from the sawmill with corners you can not count on.


How to Make Rounded and Chamfered Edges on Wood without a Router

A router is by far the best tool for modifying the corner on wood, whether that modification is creating a rounded corner, a chamfer, or some other type of molded corner. Many of the wide diversity of router bits on the market are specifically designed for these motives. But what do you do, if you do not have a router available to do this type of work?

A lot relies on the kind of corner you’re trying to make. Obviously, some are more difficult to complete than others. Much of this includes using different types of wood planes. But before routers, planes were one of the top tools of the woodworkers. Most would have a large number of planes, many of which they had made themselves and each of which had a tangible motive.


Rounding and Chamfering with a Plane

If you have a standard wood plane, what is known as a “Jack the plane” or “bench plane,” rounding and chamfering the corners is easy. All you have to do is to run the plane down the corner of the board a standard number of times until you get the corner you want. For a chamfer, you’ll need to hold that plane with balance at a 45-degree angle for all the strokes, and to round it; you will want to vary the angle. To finish off the rounded corner, sand out the flats created by planning.


When planning the long corner of a board, always use a plane following the direction of the corn. You want the corn moving up and towards the corner, as it moves away from you. Otherwise, the plane’s blade can catch in the corn, tearing out a lump of the wood, rather than implement it the way you want.


For rounding and chamfering the corners of the board, where you are cutting across the corn, you will want to use a block plane, rather than the planes noticed earlier. These all are smaller planes, but the important difference is that the blade is set at a 35-degree angle to the surface, making it easier for them to cut across the corn. Always ensure that the blade is sharp so that it will run through the corn. Before making grooves by hand tools on your working piece please check your hand tools on an extra lump of wood.



Without using a router like any kind of hand tool you can make your grooves easily. It is the cheapest way but time killing. There are various ways for grooving in wood with hand plane tools. I try my best to cover all the processes and hope that this article would be beneficial for you.

If you have any query related to this topic then you are welcome to ask in the complement section. Now make your grooves with hand tools and share your experience with familiar all. Thank you for reading this and wishing you very good fortune with your work.

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